Previous studies showed that Facebook addiction was associated with many disadvantages including low well-being and high social anxiety. Furthermore, well-being was found to be correlated with social anxiety among adolescents. Thus, the purpose of this research was designed to use a longitudinal design to examine the relationship among Facebook addiction, social anxiety and well-being. We would examine whether Facebook addiction could mediate the effect of social anxiety on well-being, or whether social anxiety could mediate the effect of Facebook addiction on well-being among male and female students in junior high school.
A total of 659 Taiwan junior high school students who completed Time 1 (T1), Time 2 (T2) and Time 3 (T3) assessment which including the Facebook addiction scale, the 10-item brief version of The Chinese Happiness Inventory and the 9-item interpersonal sensitivity subscale of the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised during nine months follow-up were sampled by a cluster sampling. We assessed the mediating role of social anxiety through bootstrapping methods.
Mediation analysis showed that T2 social anxiety fully mediated the effects of T1 Facebook addiction on T3 well-being among female junior high school students.
The current study was limited by the participants of this study who were only consisted of first and second grade of junior high students. Only self-report measures were used.
Female junior high school students with higher Facebook addiction led to increases in social anxiety, resulting in lower well-being. In order to prevent young female adolescents from low well-being, our study suggested that Facebook addiction was probably a risk factor of social anxiety for young female adolescents; therefore, highlighted the importance of interventions which focus on Facebook addiction.