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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://asiair.asia.edu.tw/ir/handle/310904400/111301


    Title: 學生族群與社區民眾吸毒意圖之差異:以雲林縣為例
    Authors: 曾世懷
    Contributors: 健康產業管理學系健康管理組碩士在職專班
    Keywords: 毒品防制、計畫行為理論、吸毒意圖、drug abuse prevention、the Theory of Planned Behavior、intention to drug use
    Date: 2018
    Issue Date: 2018-08-14 10:09:15 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 亞洲大學
    Abstract: 研究背景:毒品問題已是嚴重的國安問題,政府雖透過積極的查緝與強力的防堵,但毒品(特別是新興毒品)對學生及一般社區民眾的危害似乎沒有減輕。
    研究目的:本研究欲探討學生族群與社區民眾的吸毒意圖,及其相關因素之差異。
    研究方法:本研究使用雲林縣衛生局藥物濫用防制宣導的問卷調查資料庫,共納入285位學生及321位一般社區民眾為研究對象。依變項「吸毒意圖」,是詢問在好朋友邀約吸食毒品的情境下,回答「會一起吸食」或「看情況」者視為有吸毒意圖,而回答「完全不考慮」者,則視為沒有意圖。本研究以計畫行為理論為研究架構主體,分析學生及一般社區民眾的吸毒意圖及其相關因素。
    研究結果:研究發現,11.7%的學生及7.2%的社區民眾有吸毒意圖。羅吉斯迴歸分析顯示,在學生族群中,無吸菸習慣者(OR=0.203, p=0.033)有較低的吸毒意圖,國中生有較高的吸毒意圖(OR=4.243, p=0.017);在社區民眾中,知覺行為控制能力越弱者(OR=1.246, p=0.046)有較高的吸毒意圖、受主觀規範越強者(OR=0.841, p=0.018)有較低的吸毒意圖。
    結論:計畫行為理論之架構可做為吸毒意圖分析之參考。學生族群的學生級別及吸菸習慣與其吸毒意圖有關聯。一般民眾的知覺行為控制能力及主觀規範約束與其吸毒意圖有關聯。學生族群與一般民眾吸毒意圖的相關因子有所不同。
    建議:在校園宣導中,菸害及毒害防制工作皆應著重。擴大辦理社區藥物濫用宣導,並營造民眾與家庭及社區的正向鏈結,以降低民眾吸毒意圖。
    Background: Drug abuse has been a serious national security problem. Although the government puts great efforts on seizing and defending against drugs crime, the harmful effect of drugs (especially emerging drugs) on students and community adults have not lower down.
    Purpose: This study aimed to explore the differences in intention to drug use between the students and the community adults and their related factors. Method: This study used the database from a questionnaire survey of drug abuse prevention and control program held by the Public Health Bureau in Yunlin County between June and October in 2017. A total of 285 students and 321 community adults were included in the study. The dependent variable was "intention to drug use". For those who responded "will use drugs together" or "it depends" in the case of being invited by a good friend to use drugs, they were regarded as "having the intention"; for those who responded "never", they were regarded as "no intention". This study adopted the Theory of Planned Behavior as a framework to analyze related factors of the intention to drug use among the students and community adults.
    Results: It showed that 11.7% of the students and 7.2% of the community adults have intention to use drugs. According to the logistic regression analysis among the students, non-smokers (OR=0.203, p=0.033) had lower possibility of having intention, while junior high school students had higher possibility of having intention (OR=4.243, p=0.017). For the community adults, those who have weaker perceived behavioral control (OR=1.246, p=0.046) had higher possibility of intention; those who have stronger subjective norm (OR=0.841, p=0.018) had lower possibility of intention.
    Conclusion: The structure of the Theory of Planned Behavior could be adopted as a framework in the analysis of intention to drug use. The grade and smoking status of the students and the perceived behavioral control and subjective norm of the community adults were related factors of the intention to drug use, which implies the related factors of the intention to drug use between the students and community adults may be different.
    Suggestions: Works of preventing smoking and drug use should be both emphasized in health educational programs in schools. Works of preventing drug use should be enforced in communities. Relevant departments could help people to create and maintain positive links with their family and the community to lower down their intention to drug use.
    Appears in Collections:[健康產業管理學系] 博碩士論文

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