本研究為橫斷式調查研究法 (Cross-Sectional Survey Research)，以台中市霧峰區四個關懷據點之65歲以上老年人為研究對象，透過問卷訪談調查個人資料、匹茲堡睡眠品質評量表(PSQI)及簡易老人憂鬱量表(SF-GDS)。收案人數65人，剔除資料不完整3人，共收案62人。個人基本資料為自變相，包括性別、年齡、疾病史、長期服藥、熬夜習慣、感受壓力程度、運動習慣、抽菸習慣、喝酒習慣、喝咖啡習慣、喝茶習慣等。睡眠品質及憂鬱傾向則為依變相。
The purpose of this study was to understand the current status of sleep quality and depression on the elderly in the community, and to further explore the effects of different background variables including demographic variables, disease history, lifestyle, depression tendency, and sleep quality. The relationship between quality and melancholy tendency and other related factors.
This study is a Cross-Sectional Survey Research. The elderly people over the age of 65 who are based on four care bases in the Wufeng District of Taichung City are surveyed. Questionnaires are used to investigate personal data and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Assessment Scale ( PSQI) and the Simple Old Age Depression Scale (SF-GDS). The number of people receiving the case was 65, and the exclusion of the incomplete data was 3, with a total of 62 cases. Personal basic information is self-disguised, including gender, age, disease history, long-term medication, day and night habits, feeling stress, exercise habits, smoking habits, drinking habits, coffee habits, tea habits, etc. Sleep quality and melancholy tendency are disguised.
The results of this study showed that the quality of sleep in older women was worse than "the older men". Sleep disturbance at night, daytime dysfunction, feeling stress and smoking habits were significantly associated with depression.
The results can provide medical and community care staff as the basis for caring for the elderly, relieve the discomfort of the elderly, reduce depression, ease the quality of sleep, and thus reduce the use of drugs such as sleeping pills, and improve the sleep quality of the elderly correctly and healthily. Reduce the tendency to depression.