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    Title: Effects of computer-assisted navigation versus conventional total knee arthroplasty on the levels of inflammation markers: A prospective study
    Authors: Kuo, Shu-Jui;Kuo, Shu-Jui;Horng-Chaung;Hsu, Horng-Chaung;Wa, Ching-Jen;Wang, Ching-Jen;Siu, Ka-Kit;Siu, Ka-Kit;Hsu, Ya-Hung;Hsu, Ya-Hung;Ko, JihYang;Ko, JihYang;湯智昕;Chih-Hsin, Tang;*
    Contributors: 生物科技學系
    Date: 2018-05
    Issue Date: 2018-10-22 11:26:10 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a well-established modality for the treatment of advanced knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, the detrimental effects of intramedullary reaming used in conventional TKA for distal femur cutting are of concern. Avoiding intramedullary reaming with the use of computer-assisted navigation TKA can not only provide superior prosthetic alignment, but also mitigate perioperative blood loss and the dissipation of marrow emboli. We quantified local and systemic concentrations of inflammation markers for both techniques. Forty-four participants undergoing computer-assisted navigation and 53 receiving conventional TKA for advanced knee OA were recruited between 2013/02/08 and 2015/12/09. Blood samples were collected from all participants at baseline then again at 24 and 72 hours postoperatively and analyzed by ELISA for interleukin 6 (IL-6), IL-10, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1); these markers were also measured in Hemovac drain fluid collected at 24 and 72 hours. Serum levels of IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α and TGF-β1(unit for all markers: pg/mL) were increased from baseline by smaller increments in the navigation TKA cohort compared with the conventional TKA group at 24 hours (17.06 vs 29.39, p = 0.02; 0.51 vs 0.83, p = 0.16; –0.04 vs 0.36, p < 0.01 and –48.18 vs 63.24, p< 0.01, respectively) and at 72 hours (12.27 vs 16.87, p = 0.01; –0.40 vs 0.48, p < 0.01; 0.58 vs 0.98, p = 0.07 and –55.16 vs 63.71, p < 0.01, respectively). IL-10 levels in drainage fluids collected 24 hours after TKA were also significantly lower in the navigation group versus the conventional TKA group (8.55 vs 12.32, p < 0.01). According to our evidence, the merits of computer-assisted navigation TKA are augmented by low levels of inflammation markers.
    Relation: PLoS One
    Appears in Collections:[Department of Biotechnology] Journal Article

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