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|Title: ||Associations of body mass index and diabetes with hip fracture risk: A nationwide cohort study|
|Authors: ||黃秀玲;Huang, Hsiu-Ling;Cheng-Chin, P;Pan, Cheng-Chin;Hsiao, Yu-Fen;Hsiao, Yu-Fen;Ch, Ming-Chih;Chen, Ming-Chih;Kun, Chuan-Yu;Kung, Chuan-Yu;龔佩珍;Kung, Pei-Tseng;蔡文正;Tsai, Wen-Chen|
|Issue Date: ||2019-09-02 14:20:42 (UTC+8)|
The high prevalence of diabetes is associated with body mass index (BMI), and diabetes can cause many complications, such as hip fractures. This study investigated the effects of BMI and diabetes on the risk of hip fractures and related factors.
We retrospectively reviewed data from 22,048 subjects aged ≧ 40 years from the National Health Interview Survey in Taiwan (NHIST) in 2001, 2005, and 2009. We linked the NHIST data for individual participants with the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), which includes the incidence of hip fracture from 2000 to 2013. We defined five categories for BMI: low BMI (BMI < 18.5), normal BMI (18.5 ≦ BMI < 24), overweight (24 ≦ BMI < 27), mild obesity (27 ≦ BMI < 30), and moderate obesity (BMI ≧ 30). The Cox proportional hazards model was used to analyze the effects of BMI and diabetes on risk of hip fracture.
The Cox proportional hazards model shows that hip fracture risk in participants with diabetes was 1.64 times that of non-diabetes patients (95% confidence interval [CI]:1.30–2.15). Participants with low BMIs showed a higher hip fracture risk (HR: 1.75) than those with normal BMI. Among the five BMI groups, compared with non-diabetes patients, only diabetes patients with a normal BMI showed a significantly higher risk on hip fracture (HR: 2.13, 95% CI: 1.48–3.06). In participants with diabetes, compared with those with normal BMI, those with overweight or obesity showed significantly lower hip fracture risks (HR: 0.49 or 0.42). The hip fracture risk in participants who expend ≧ 500 kcal/week in exercise was 0.67 times lower than in those who did not exercise.
Diabetes and low BMI separately are important risk factors for hip fracture. There was an interaction between diabetes and BMI in the relationship with hip fracture (p = 0.001). The addition of energy expenditure through exercise could effectively decrease hip fracture risk, regardless of whether the participants have diabetes or not. The results of this study could be used as a reference for health promotion measures for people with diabetes.
|Relation: ||BMC PUBLIC HEALTH|
|Appears in Collections:||[健康產業管理學系] 期刊論文|
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