A growing body of evidence shows an association between DNA repair protein genotypes and susceptibility to various cancers. However, few studies have assessed the contribution of the genotype of XRCC3, a homologous repair gene, to the occurrence or prognosis of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). In this study, we investigated the contribution of seven XRCC3 polymorphisms to childhood ALL.
Patients and methods
We recruited 266 patients with childhood ALL and 266 healthy controls. Genomic DNA was isolated from peripheral blood samples. The XRCC3 rs1799794, rs45603942, rs1799796, rs861530, rs28903081, rs861539, and rs3212057 polymorphic genotypes of each subject were determined through conventional polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis.
Genotypes with the rs861539 polymorphism were significantly associated with the risk of childhood ALL. The allelic distribution analyses suggested a significant association between the T allele at rs861539 with an increased risk of childhood ALL in the Taiwanese population. Polymorphic variants of XRCC3 at rs3212057 or rs28903081 did not exist in the study population. XRCC3 rs1799794, rs45603942, rs1799796, and rs861530 were not significantly associated with the risk of childhood ALL in the Taiwanese population.
Our findings suggest that XRCC3 genotypes with polymorphisms at rs861539 may play a role in determining individual susceptibility to childhood ALL in this Taiwanese population. The polymorphism may be a potential detector and predictor of childhood ALL.