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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://asiair.asia.edu.tw/ir/handle/310904400/111965


    Title: Amphiregulin enhances cell migration and resistance to doxorubicin in chondrosarcoma cells through the MAPK pathway.
    Authors: Ch, Jui?Chieh;Chen, Jui?Chieh;Huang, Cheng;Huang, Cheng;Lee, I?Neng;Lee, I?Neng;Wu, Yu?Ping;Wu, Yu?Ping;湯智昕;Chih-Hsin;Tang
    Contributors: 生物科技學系
    Date: 2018-12
    Issue Date: 2019-09-10 13:25:38 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: Chondrosarcoma is characterized by the ability to produce extracellular matrix of cartilage. Curative surgical resection becomes difficult when high-grade chondrosarcoma metastasizes to other parts of the body. Doxorubicin (Dox) has been widely used clinically to treat many different types of cancers, including chondrosarcomas. However, chondrosarcoma is often resistant to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. New systemic treatment regimens are needed to improve the prognosis. Amphiregulin (AR) has been reported to be involved in cancer metastasis and drug resistance. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of AR on cell migration and Dox sensitivity. To gain insight into the mechanisms used by AR to mediate its effects, we generated two chondrosarcoma cell lines, migration-prone JJ012 and Dox-resistant SW1353, to analyze the relationship between AR levels and cell functions. AR was highly expressed and secreted in mobile and drug-resistant cells. Next, we used the lentivirus-mediated RNAi system to knock down AR expression and found that AR silencing was significantly attenuated in cell migration and drug resistance. In addition, we used exogenous recombinant AR (r-AR) to confirm cell function and we introduced antibody array analysis to investigate pathways of AR activation. The results showed that AR can promote migratory activity and Dox resistance through activation of the MAPK pathway. Whereas the inhibition of the MAPK pathway has the potential to inhibit chondrosarcoma cell migration, p38 inhibition, and ERK activation may render cells more sensitive to Dox. These findings suggest that combining AR with MAPK blockade may effectively treat chondrosarcoma.
    Relation: MOLECULAR CARCINOGENESIS
    Appears in Collections:[生物科技學系] 期刊論文

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