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|Title: ||Frailty, transition in frailty status and all-cause mortality in older adults of a Taichung community-based population|
|Authors: ||Wang, Mu-Cyun;Wang, Mu-Cyun;李采娟;Li, Tsai-Chung;Li, Chia-Ing;Li, Chia-Ing;Chiu-Shong, L;Liu, Chiu-Shong;Lin, Wen-Yuan;Lin, Wen-Yuan;Chih-Hsueh, L;Lin, Chih-Hsueh;Ya, Chuan-Wei;Yang, Chuan-Wei;Yan, Shing-Yu;Yang, Shing-Yu;Cheng-Chieh;Lin, Cheng-Chieh|
|Issue Date: ||2019-09-10 14:18:09 (UTC+8)|
Previous studies have reported the associations of frailty phenotype or its components with mortality. However, studies that explored the effects of transition in frailty status on mortality were far less in Asian or Chinese. The aim of this study was to evaluate baseline frailty status and one-year change of frailty status in relation to all-cause mortality in Taiwanese community-dwelling older adults who participated in the Taichung Community Health Study for Elders.
We conducted a community-based prospective cohort study. A total of 921 community-dwelling elderly men and women aged 65–99 years in Taichung City were enrolled in 2009–2010 and were followed up through 2016. We adopted the definition of frailty proposed by Fried et al., including five components: shrinking, weakness, poor endurance and energy, slowness, and low physical activity. Cox proportional hazards models were used to determine adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) of mortality with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for frailty at baseline and one-year change in frailty status.
There were 160 deaths during the follow-up period. The mortality rates in groups of robust and frail were 20.26 and 84.66 per 1000 person-years respectively. After multivariate adjustment, the HR (CIs) for baseline frailty was 2.67 (1.73–4.12). Poor endurance and energy [1.88 (1.03–3.42)], slowness [2.60 (1.76–3.83)] and weakness [1.65 (1.16–2.33)] were found to be predictors of mortality. Increased risks in mortality for subgroups of robust-to-frail [2.76 (1.22–6.27)], frail-to-robust [3.87 (1.63, 9.19)], and frail-to-frail [4.08 (1.92–8.66)] over one-year period were observed compared with those remaining robust.
Baseline frailty status and one-year change in frailty status are associated with 6-year all-cause mortality among Taiwanese elderly adults. Frailty may be useful for identifying older adults at high risks for mortality prevention.
Keywords: Frailty, Transition in frailty status, Fried’s phenotype, Mortality
|Relation: ||BMC Geriatrics|
|Appears in Collections:||[健康產業管理學系] 期刊論文|
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