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|Title: ||The Risk of Stroke in Kidney Transplant Recipients with End-Stage Kidney Disease.|
|Authors: ||Hu, Shih-Ting;Huang, Shih-Ting;Yu, Tung-Min;Yu, Tung-Min;Chuan, Ya-Wen;Chuang, Ya-Wen;Chung, Mu-Chi;Chung, Mu-Chi;Chen-YuWang;Chen-YuWang;Fu, Pin-Kuei;Fu, Pin-Kuei;Ke, Tai-Yuan;Ke, Tai-Yuan;Li, Chi-Yuan;Li, Chi-Yuan;Lin, Cheng-Li;Lin, Cheng-Li;Wu, Ming-Ju;Wu, Ming-Ju;高嘉鴻;Kao, Chia-Hung|
|Issue Date: ||2019-09-10 15:00:53 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract: ||Background: The incidence of stroke after kidney transplantation is poorly understood. Our study aimed to determine the incidence and predictors of stroke as well as mortality from stroke in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). Methods: This retrospective cohort study used the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan to study KTRs (N = 4635), patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD; N = 69,297), and patients from the general population who were chronic kidney disease (CKD)-free and matched by comorbidities (N = 69,297) for the years 2000 through 2010. The risk of stroke was analyzed using univariate and multivariate Cox regression models and compared between study cohorts. Findings: Compared with the ESRD subgroup, KTRs had a significantly lower risk of overall stroke (adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) = 0.37, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.31–0.44), ischemic stroke (aHR = 0.45, 95% CI = 0.37–0.55), and hemorrhagic stroke (aHR = 0.20, 95% CI = 0.14–0.29). The risk patterns for each type of stroke in the KTR group were not significantly different than those of the CKD-free control subgroup. The predictors of stroke were age and diabetes in KTRs. All forms of stroke after transplantation independently predicted an increased risk of subsequent mortality, and the strongest risk was related to hemorrhagic events. Interpretation: KTRs had a lower risk of stroke than ESRD patients, but this risk was not significantly different from that of the CKD-free comorbidities-matched general population group. Although stroke was relatively uncommon among cardiovascular events, it predicted unfavorable outcome in KTRs.
Keywords: kidney transplant recipients, stroke, end-stage renal disease, chronic kidney disease
|Relation: ||International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health|
|Appears in Collections:||[生物資訊與醫學工程學系 ] 期刊論文|
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