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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://asiair.asia.edu.tw/ir/handle/310904400/112066

    Title: Mortality Risk and Risk Factors in Patients with Posttraumatic Epilepsy: A Population-Based Cohort Study.
    Authors: Lin, Wei-Jun;Lin, Wei-Jun;Harnod, Tomor;Harnod, Tomor;Lin, Cheng-Li;Lin, Cheng-Li;高嘉鴻;Kao, Chia-Hung
    Contributors: 生物資訊與醫學工程學系
    Date: 2019-02
    Issue Date: 2019-09-18 11:12:47 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: Aim: Use the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan to determine whether patients with posttraumatic epilepsy (PTE) have an increased risk of mortality. Methods: Patients ≥20 years old ever admitted because of head injury (per International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes 850–854 and 959.01) during 2000–2012 were enrolled into a traumatic brain injury (TBI) cohort. The TBI cohort was divided into with PTE (ICD-9-CM code 345) and posttraumatic nonepilepsy (PTN) cohorts. We compared the PTE and PTN cohorts in terms of age, sex, and comorbidities. We calculated adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of all-cause mortality risk in these cohorts. Results: Patients with PTE had a higher incidence rate (IR) of mortality than did patients with TBI alone (IR per 1000 person-years: 71.8 vs. 27.6), with an aHR 2.31 (95% CI = 1.96–2.73). Patients with PTE aged 20–49, 50–64, and ≥65 years had, respectively, 2.78, 4.14, and 2.48 times the mortality risk of the PTN cohort. Patients with any comorbidity and PTE had 2.71 times the mortality risk as patients in the PTN cohort. Furthermore, patients with PTE had 28.2 increased hospital days and 7.85 times as frequent medical visits per year compared with the PTN cohort. Conclusion: Taiwanese patients with PTE had approximately 2 times the mortality risk and an increased medical burden compared to patients with TBI only. Our findings provide crucial information for clinicians and the government to improve TBI outcomes.

    Keywords: cohort study, mortality, National Health Insurance, posttraumatic epilepsy, traumatic brain injury
    Relation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
    Appears in Collections:[生物資訊與醫學工程學系 ] 期刊論文

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