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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://asiair.asia.edu.tw/ir/handle/310904400/112426


    Title: Induction of osteoclast-like cell formation by leptin-induced soluble intercellular adhesion molecule secreted from cancer cells
    Authors: 蔡政芳;Tsai, Cheng-Fang;Che, Jia-Hong;Chen, Jia-Hong;Wu, Chen-Teng;Wu, Chen-Teng;張培均;Chang, Pei-Chun;Wang, Shu-Lin;Wang, Shu-Lin;Yeh, Wei-Lan;Yeh, Wei-Lan
    Contributors: 生物科技學系
    Date: 2019-05
    Issue Date: 2019-11-08 11:52:43 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: BACKGROUND:
    Leptin is considered a tumorigenic adipokine, suggested to promote tumorigenesis and progression in many cancers. On the other hand, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) shows altered expression in a variety of benign and malignant diseases. Histologically, ICAM-1 expression is reported as proportional to cancer stage and considered as a potential diagnosis biomarker. The altered expressions of ICAM-1 and its soluble form in malignant diseases have gained interests in recent years.

    MATERIAL AND METHODS:
    The expression of ICAM-1 and its regulatory signaling were examined by Western blot or flow cytometry. The effect of soluble ICAM-1 on osteoclast formation was investigated by tartrate-resistance acid phosphatase staining of RAW cells and tumor-induced osteolysis in vivo.

    RESULTS:
    In our study, we found that leptin enhanced soluble ICAM-1 production but not surface ICAM-1 expression in lung and breast cancer cells, and this effect was regulated through leptin receptor (ObR), while silencing ObR abrogated leptin-induced soluble ICAM-1 expression. In addition, we revealed that leptin administration provoked the JAK1/2, STAT3, FAK, ERK, and GSK3αβ signaling cascade, leading to the elevation of ICAM-1 expression. Moreover, soluble ICAM-1 secreted by leptin-stimulated cancer cells synergize with the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) in inducing osteoclast formation. Soluble ICAM also enhanced tumor-induced osteolysis in vivo.

    CONCLUSION:
    These findings suggest that soluble ICAM-1 produced under leptin treatment enhances osteoclast formation and is involved in tumor-induced osteolysis.Leptin plays an important role in physiology in health and diseases. Leptin affects immune responses that may induce inflammation and carcinogenesis. Leptin is also considered as a tumorigenic adipokine suggested to promote tumorigenesis and progression in many cancers. On the other hand, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) shows altered expression in a variety of benign and malignant diseases. Histologically, ICAM-1 expression is reported to be proportional to cancer stage and considered as a potential diagnosis biomarker. It has been reported that soluble ICAM-1 allows tumor cells to escape from immune recognition and stimulates angiogenesis and tumor growth. The altered expressions of ICAM-1 and its soluble form in malignant diseases have gained interests in recent years. In our study, we found that leptin enhanced soluble ICAM-1 production but not surface ICAM-1 expression in lung and breast cancer cells, and this effect was regulated through leptin receptor (ObR), while silencing ObR abrogated leptin-induced soluble ICAM-1 expression. In addition, we revealed that leptin administration provoked the JAK1/2, STAT3, FAK, ERK, and GSK3αβ signaling cascade, leading to the elevation of ICAM-1 expression. Moreover, soluble ICAM-1 secreted by leptin-stimulated cancer cells synergize with receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand in inducing osteoclast formation. Soluble ICAM also enhanced tumor-induced osteolysis in vivo. These findings suggest that soluble ICAM-1 produced under leptin treatment is possibly involved in lung and breast cancer bone metastasis.
    Relation: Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology
    Appears in Collections:[生物科技學系] 期刊論文

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