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    Title: Effect of Strontium Substitution on the Physicochemical Properties and Bone Regeneration Potential of 3D Printed Calcium Silicate Scaffolds
    Authors: Yung-Cheng, Cheng C;Chiu, Yung-Cheng;謝明佑;Shie, Ming-You;Lin, Yen-Hong;Lin, Yen-Hong;Alvin, Kai-Xi;Lee, Alvin Kai-Xing;Chen, Yi-Wen;Chen, Yi-Wen
    Contributors: 生物資訊與醫學工程學系
    Date: 2019-06
    Issue Date: 2019-11-15 11:01:21 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: In this study, we synthesized strontium-contained calcium silicate (SrCS) powder and fabricated SrCS scaffolds with controlled precise structures using 3D printing techniques. SrCS scaffolds were shown to possess increased mechanical properties as compared to calcium silicate (CS) scaffolds. Our results showed that SrCS scaffolds had uniform interconnected macropores (~500 µm) with a compressive strength 2-times higher than that of CS scaffolds. The biological behaviors of SrCS scaffolds were assessed using the following characteristics: apatite-precipitating ability, cytocompatibility, proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). With CS scaffolds as controls, our results indicated that SrCS scaffolds demonstrated good apatite-forming bioactivity with sustained release of Si and Sr ions. The in vitro tests demonstrated that SrCS scaffolds possessed excellent biocompatibility which in turn stimulated adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation of MSCs. In addition, the SrCS scaffolds were able to enhance MSCs synthesis of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and suppress macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) thus disrupting normal bone homeostasis which led to enhanced bone formation over bone resorption. Implanted SrCS scaffolds were able to promote new blood vessel growth and new bone regeneration within 4 weeks after implantation in critical-sized rabbit femur defects. Therefore, it was shown that 3D printed SrCS scaffolds with specific controllable structures can be fabricated and SrCS scaffolds had enhanced mechanical property and osteogenesis behavior which makes it a suitable potential candidate for bone regeneration.

    Keywords: calcium silicate, strontium, 3D printing, scaffold, osteogenesis, osteoclastogenesis
    Appears in Collections:[Department of Biomedical informatics  ] Journal Article

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