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    Title: Professional Driver’s Job Stress and 8-year Risk of Cardiovascular Disease The Taiwan Bus Driver Cohort Study
    Authors: Wu, Wei-Te;Wu, Wei-Te;Chung-Ching;Wang, Chung-Ching;Lin, Yu-Jen;Lin, Yu-Jen;吳聰能;Wu, Trong-Neng;Tung-Sheng, Sheng S;Shih, Tung-Sheng;Saou-Hsing, L;Liou, Saou-Hsing
    Contributors: 健康產業管理學系
    Date: 2019-07
    Issue Date: 2019-11-15 11:27:39 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: BACKGROUND:
    Two main job stress models-the Demand-Control-Support (DC) model and the Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) model have been used to assess the impact of psychosocial work-related factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Limited evidence elaborates the independent and combined effects on CVD events, especially for professional drivers. This study assesses the independent and combined effects of DC and ERI models on an 8-year risk of CVD among professional drivers.

    The Taiwan Bus Driver Cohort Study recruited 1650 professional drivers from a large bus company in 2005. The subjects were interviewed in person and completed the two job stress questionnaires. Researchers found 94 new cases of CVD (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification [ICD-9-CM]: 390-459) from 2006 to 2012. A Cox proportional hazards model was performed to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) for CVD events.

    Occupational drivers with high overcommitment scores (thresholds of 15) had an elevated risk for CVD (HR = 1.71; 95% CI = 1.04, 2.82). Regarding target disease, overcommitment had an increased risk for CVD (not including hypertensive disease) (HR = 1.27; 95% CI = 1.05, 1.54) and ischemic heart disease (HR = 1.32; 95% CI = 1.05-1.65).

    Overcommitment, which is associated with job stress, appears to be associated with CVD risk in professional drivers.
    Relation: EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Appears in Collections:[Department of Healthcare Administration] Journal Article

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