|Abstract: ||目的: 在台灣，由於社經狀況的改變，鄉村及城市不僅生活形態和就醫可近性相差甚大，生活習慣及飲食文化影響等因素也有所不同，諸多的研究顯示菸、酒與檳榔對人體危害甚大，及新陳代謝症候群與高尿酸血症亦會增加死亡風險，本研究以南投縣信義鄉民眾為研究對象，探討有吸菸、喝酒、嚼檳榔對罹患新陳代謝症候群及高尿酸血症之關聯性。
Objective: In Taiwan, due to changes in social and economic conditions, not only the life styles and access to medical treatments in rural and urban areas are greatly different, but also factors such as lifestyle habits and dietary cultural influences. Many studies have shown that cigarettes, alcohol, and betel nuts are harmful to us. Metabolic syndrome and hyperuricemia may also increase the risk of death. This study took the residents of Xinyi Township, Nantou County as the research object, and explored the impacts of cigarettes, alcohol, and betel nuts on metabolic syndrome and hyperuricemia in remote areas.
Methods: This study used the 2014 Community-Based Screening Service Program of Nantou Christian Hospital to conduct health checks on adults over 40 years of age from different tribes in Xinyi Township, Nantou County. A secondary data analysis was performed on the health examination database of patients with four cancer screening conditions, and a total of 224 were included in this study to explore the impacts of cigarettes, alcohol, and betel nuts on metabolic syndrome and hyperuricemia in remote areas.
Results: The results of this study show that alcohol and betel nuts have significant effects on people with metabolic syndrome and hyperuricemia in remote areas, while cigarettes has no significant effect on people with metabolic syndrome and hyperuricemia in remote areas, but it also shows that smokers have a 2.1 times of developing metabolic syndrome than non-smokers. Although it is not significant, cigarettes still has a tendency to increase metabolic syndrome.
Conclusion: Cigarettes, alcohol, and betel nuts are important health hazards. Therefore, we recommend that we not only raise awareness of the health hazards of ciagarettes, alcohol, or betel nuts in remote people to prevent potential malignant lesions, but also use health education resources to support healthy behaviors. Make changes, conduct interventional research, and provide multi-faceted support to improve health knowledge and reduce the chance of related diseases. If necessary, cooperate with referral of medical resources for continuous health management.