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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://asiair.asia.edu.tw/ir/handle/310904400/112716


    Title: Early administration of cold water and adipose derived mesenchymal stem cell derived exosome effectively protects the heart from ischemia-reperfusion injury
    Authors: 柴漢東;Chai, Han-Tan;邵佩琳;Shao, Pei Lin;葉漢根;Yip, Hon-Kan
    Contributors: 護理學系
    Keywords: Ischemia-reperfusion, hypothermic therapy, exosome, cell-stress signaling, inflammation, oxidative stress
    Date: 2019-09
    Issue Date: 2020-08-20 15:57:11 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 亞洲大學
    Abstract: This study tested the hypothesis that early administration with cold water (CW)-assisted adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell (ADMSC)-derived exosome (Exo) therapy was superior to either one on protecting the heart against ischemia-reperfusion (IR) (i.e., by ligation of 50 minutes and relieved by day 5 prior to euthanizing the animals) injury. Adult-male SD rats (n=30) were equally categorized into groups 1 (sham-operated control), 2 (IR), 3 (IR + CW), 4 (IR + Exo) and 5 (IR + CW-Exo). The left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was highest in group 1, lowest in group 2, and significantly higher in group 5 than in groups 3 and 4, but no difference between groups 3 and 4 (all P<0.001). The protein expressions of oxidative-stress (NOX-1/NOX-2/NOX-4/oxidized protein), apoptotic/mitochondrial-damaged (mitochondrial-Bax/caspase 3/PARP/p53/cytosolic-cytochrome-C) and inflammatory (IL-1β/TNF-α/NF-κB/MMP-9) biomarkers, and cellular-stress response signaling (PI3K/Akt/GSK3β and p-m-TOR) showed an opposite pattern, whereas the anti-oxidants (SIRT1/SIRT3), anti-inflammation (IL-10) and IKB-α/p-AMKP/mitochondrial-cytochrome-C exhibited an identical pattern to the LVEF among the five groups (all P<0.0001). The cellular expressions of inflammation (CD68), total cellular ROS (i.e., stained by H2DCFDA) and the LV infarct/fibrotic/collagen-deposition areas displayed an opposite pattern, whereas the cell gap junction (coonexin 43) and sarcomere length exhibited an identical pattern of LVEF among the five groups (all P<0.0001). Conclusion: Combined CW-exosome therapy markedly protected the heart against IR injury.
    Relation: American Journal of Translational Research
    Appears in Collections:[Department of Nursing] Journal Article

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