Rationale: Conventional computerized tomography (CT) examination can differentiate renal cortical tumor from urothelial carcinoma on the basis of the highly contrast-enhanced vessels in renal cortical tumors. However, the capillary distribution of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has been under-investigated. Here, we present a micro-CT image of tumor tissue in a patient with RCC.
Patient concerns: The patient was a 72-year-old woman with a past history of diabetes mellitus and hypertension. She did not have tumor-related symptoms.
Diagnosis and interventions: The tumor was diagnosed using abdominal CT during her yearly routine health check. After radical nephrectomy, the tumor was subjected to pathological examination and micro-CT imaging. Pathological analysis confirmed a clear cell renal carcinoma. The capillary distribution of the tumor was significantly lesser than that of the normal cortex on micro-CT image.
Lessons: Microvessels of RCC can be detected by micro-CT. We also found that the distribution of microvessels was uneven and lower than that in the normal cortex in this case. For a more general diagnosis, more micro-CT images of RCC tumors are needed.