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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://asiair.asia.edu.tw/ir/handle/310904400/113031

    Title: A special needs dentistry study of institutionalized individuals with intellectual disability in West Sumatra Indonesia
    Authors: Valendriyani
    Ningrum, Valendriyani
    Wan, Wen-Chen
    Wang, Wen-Chen
    Liao, Hung-En
    Bakar, Abu
    Bakar, Abu
    Shih, Yin-Hwa
    Contributors: 醫學暨健康學院健康產業管理學系
    Date: 2020-01-20
    Issue Date: 2020-10-14 13:38:50 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 亞洲大學
    Abstract: People with intellectual disability have a higher risk of oral health problems. This study assessed the clinical oral health status and behaviors and treatment needs of people living in an institution in Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesia. We quantified oral health status of 65 individuals with intellectual disability using Oral Hygiene Index Simplified (OHIs), Angle’s classification of malocclusion, Community Periodontal Index and Treatment Need (CPITN), and decay index and also recorded their brushing behavior. We found that males had significantly lower OHIs (p < 0.001), more malocclusion (p < 0.001), greater caries number (p < 0.001), greater CPITN (p = 0.001) and higher need of dental treatment (p < 0.01) than females. Additionally, we found that high caries number was associated with poor OHIS, malocclusion, periodontal disease, and dependent brushing behavior (p < 0.001). The findings of this study imply that there is a gap in appropriate oral health care in individuals with intellectual disability. There should be a greater focus on providing appropriate oral health education to people with intellectual disability, improving the health literacy and quality of care of caregivers, and providing more dentists with specialized training in special needs dentistry.
    Relation: Scientific Reports
    Appears in Collections:[健康產業管理學系] 期刊論文

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