Background As one of the TB high burden countries, TB in Indonesia is a public health priority. Based on WHO disability-adjusted life-year calculations, TB is responsible for 6.3 percent of the total disease burden in Indonesia, compared with 3.2 percent in the Southeast Asian region. Self care of Tuberculosis is essential for control of disease and improvement of quality of patients' life. The aim of this study was to assess factors associated with practice of self-care among Tuberculosis patients at Perak Timur Community Health Centre.
Method In this cross-sectional study, 88 tuberculosis patients were surveyed from Perak Timur healthcare centers in Surabaya City in 2010. Data collection tools was a questionnaire included data on demographic characteristics and self-care practice. Patients' self-care practice was classified to practice and non practice. Chi–square tests and logistic regression were used to exam the factors associated with self-care practice.
Results Results showed that there was a significant association between region or residence background and self-care practice (P=0.002). Logistic regression result showed that there were no significant association between age (OR=0.000; 95%CI= 0.000), gender (OR=2.083; 95% CI=0.398-10.908), education (OR=0.061; 95% CI=0.003-1.404), marital status (OR=4.336; 95% CI=0.232-80.873), income (OR=3.351; 95% CI=0.583-19.249), region (OR=0.000; 95% CI=0.000), attitude (OR=0.246; 95% CI=0.046-1.327), knowledge (OR=4.199; 95% CI=0.729-24.192), Puskesmas visit (OR=0.000; 95% CI=0.000) and practice of self care.
Conclusion Despite the important role of self-care practice in management of the treatment had inappropriate self-care practice, which has critical role in controlling Tuberculosis. Further research focusing on self-care practice with greater sample size can be done to shed a light on this issue.