In labor-management relations, disputes between workers and employers often end up in court due to various issues, such as overtime pay, wages, and dismissal. For laborers, such disputes may only bring about damages to their rights and interests, and they can still work normally without livelihood problems. However, if a lawsuit is filed in court due to an occupational accident, the matter cannot be disregarded. After all, the severity of workplace accidents can vary greatly, with some requiring hospitalization and surgery, while others can result in lifelong paralysis or even death. The working ability of laborers would be lost on account of workplace accidents. Therefore, occupational accident disputes are believed to have the greatest impact on workers' rights and interests among all types of labor disputes. Based on past experience and observation, both workers and employers often only partially understand the relevant laws and regulations regarding workplace accidents. Accordingly, when workplace accidents occur, employers often underpay or fail to pay compensation promptly. Workers may then believe that their employers are intentionally evading responsibility and resort to litigation to resolve disputes due to not receiving adequate compensation. Owing to the insufficient understanding of the application of different regulations and the exercise of legal remedies, the general public forfeits their own rights unconsciously. As a result, employers or employees should also have a thorough comprehension of the issues arising from occupational accidents under labor laws. The occupational accident compensation system regulated by the Labor Standards Act is the most immediate economic support for workers. When the understanding of occupational accident compensation between employers and employees is inconsistent, judicial litigation is the final means of resolution. Nonetheless, the lengthy trial process imposes additional economic and time costs on laborers, making the laborers take the judicial litigation process as a daunting task. Mediation of labor disputes is currently the most widely used litigation alternative for resolving disputes outside the court system. By establishing this system, it is hoped that workers' rights and interests can be compensated more quickly and conveniently. In addition, risk prevention is the most fundamental solution for damage avoidance. Therefore, the current study presents suggestions for legal revisions and administrative measures adjustment, with the expectation that workers who suffer from occupational accidents can receive immediate relief and healing of their injuries.