To present prenatal diagnosis of chromosome 1p32-p31 deletion syndrome with NFIA haploinsufficiency, ventriculomegaly, corpus callosum hypogenesis, abnormal external genitalia, and intrauterine growth restriction and to review the literature.
Materials, Methods, and Results
A 26-year-old, primigravid woman was referred for amniocentesis at 30 weeks of gestation because of hydrocephalus and short limbs. Prenatal ultrasound showed macrocephaly, prominent forehead, ventriculomegaly, corpus callosum hypogenesis, micrognathia, and ambiguous external genitalia. Amniocentesis was performed, and array comparative genomic hybridization using uncultured amniocytes revealed a 22.2-Mb deletion of 1p32.3-p31.1 [arr cgh 1p32.3p31.1 (55,500,291 bp–77,711,982 bp)×1] encompassing the genes of NFIA, GPR177, and 89 additional genes. Cytogenetic analysis revealed a karyotype of 46,XX,del(1)(p31.1p32.3)dn. At 33 weeks of gestation, a dead fetus was delivered with a body weight of 1536 g (<5th centile); relative macrocephaly; a broad face; prominent forehead; hypertelorism; anteverted nostrils; micrognathia; low-set ears; and abnormal female external genitalia with labial fusion, labial hypertrophy, absence of vaginal opening, and clitoral hypertrophy. Polymorphic DNA marker analysis determined a paternal origin of the deletion.
Prenatal diagnosis of ventriculomegaly with an abnormal corpus callosum should alert subtle chromosome aberrations and prompt molecular cytogenetic investigation if necessary. Fetuses with chromosome 1p32-p31 deletion syndrome and haploinsufficiency of the NFIA gene may present ventriculomegaly, corpus callosum hypogenesis, abnormal external genitalia, and intrauterine growth restriction in the third trimester."