Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) types I-V have been inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern. OI type I is associated with mutations in COL1A1 mostly due to a null allele. OI types II-IV are associated with mutations in COL1A1 or COL1A2 and mostly are due to glycine substitutions. It has been suggested that the effect of glycine substitutions is position specific, and the substitution of glycine by serine has much less lethal effect than the substitutions by valine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, arginine and cysteine. We report identification of c.3064G>A, GGT>AGT, Gly1022Ser (Gly(844) --> Ser844 in triple helix) in exon 43 of the COL1A1 gene in an 8-year-old girl with OI type III. Our report provides evidence that at triple helix glycine residue 844 (p.Gly1022), a glycine substitution by serine can result in OI type III but not a lethal outcome.