"Abstract—Network exchange is now widely used. However, it still
cannot avoid the problems evolving from network exchange. For
example. A buyer may not receive the order even if he/she makes the
payment. For another example, the seller possibly get nothing even
when the merchandise is sent. Some studies about the fair exchange
have proposed protocols for the design of efﬁciency and exploited the
signature property to specify that two parties agree on the exchange.
The information about purchased item and price are disclosed in
this way. This paper proposes a new fair network payment protocol
with off-line trusted third party. The proposed protocol can protect
the buyers’ purchase message from being traced. In addition, the
proposed protocol can meet the proposed requirements. The most
signiﬁcant feature is Non-transfer property we achieved."
International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering