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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://asiair.asia.edu.tw/ir/handle/310904400/17337

    Title: The anti-metastatic efficacy of beta-ionone and the possible mechanisms of action in human hepatocarcinoma SK-Hep-1 cells
    Authors: 黃晉修;Huang, Chin-Shiu
    Contributors: 保健營養生技學系
    Date: 2012-03
    Issue Date: 2012-11-26 10:31:41 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: β-Ionone (BI), a precursor for carotenoids, is widely distributed in fruit and vegetables. Recent in vitro studies have demonstrated the potential anti-metastatic effects of BI, but the mechanisms underlying such actions are not clear. Because liver cancer is the most endemic cancer in Taiwan and in a large region of the world, we hereby investigate the anti-metastatic effects of BI and its mechanisms of actions in a highly metastatic human hepatocarcinoma SK-Hep-1 cells. We show that incubation of cells with BI (1-50 μm) for 24 and 48 h significantly inhibited cell invasion, migration and adhesion. Mechanistically, incubation of cells with BI (1-50 μm) for 24 h resulted in the following: (1) significant inhibition of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9 and urokinase-type plasminogen activator activities, (2) up-regulation of protein expression of the tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1, TIMP-2 and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, (3) down-regulation of the expression of migration-related proteins, including focal adhesion kinase (FAK), phosphorylated form of FAK, Rho, Rac1 and Cdc42 and (4) up-regulation of the expression of nm23-H1 protein (P < 0·05). Overall, the results show that BI effectively inhibits the metastasis of SK-Hep-1 cells, and this effect involves the regulation of gene expression and signal pathways related to invasion and migration.
    Relation: BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION; 107(5):631-8
    Appears in Collections:[食品營養與保健生技學系] 期刊論文

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