Objectives: The routine oral examination program (ROE) was implemented in 2005. With this new policy, it is critical to know what factors are associated with the provision of ROE by dentists. However, such a comprehensive evaluation is not readily available. Based on prior research, it is believed that the characteristics of dentists are important factors. The purpose of this study was to explore the distribution of ROE provision by dentists and to analyze the relationship between the dentist's characteristics and the provision of ROE. Method: This research used the National Health Insurance research database from the National Health Research Institutes. All claim dental utilizations and dentists' characteristics for 2007 were retrieved from this database. A descriptive analysis of dentists' characteristics and the provision of ROE are presented and a logistic regression model was carried out to determine the relationship between dentist's characteristics and the probability of performing ROE. Results: In total. 10,548 dentists provided dental services as part of the National Health Insurance in 2007 and 72.3% of them perform ROE. In the logistic regression model, gender (OR=0.83 for males), age (references to under 29, OR=0.75 for 40 to 49, OR=0.46 for 50 to 59, OR=0.25 for 60 and above), institute level (OR=0.45 for hospital), urbanization (reference to city, OR=0.73 for town, OR=0.58 for country), the number of dentists at the institute (reference to 1, OR=1.95 for 2 to 3, OR=3.99 for 4 to 10, OR=7.08 for 10 and above), and claim volume (reference to first quartile, OR=2.11 for second quartile, OR=2.49 for third quartile, OR=2.59 for forth quartile) were found to be associated with the provision of ROE. Conclusions: More than 70% dentists provide ROE, which means that this policy is influential, but, nevertheless, the effect is not universal among dentists. The likelihood of performing ROE is associated with the dentist's characteristics. The authorities should consider conducting education courses or promotion programs that target specific groups of dentists in order to increase the provision of ROE. In addition, the association between ROE and population oral health also needs to be further investigated.