Background: Gender mainstreaming is one of the most important strategies in promoting global gender equality. The only way to elevate the care quality is to figure out the difference between gender's working burnout of care providers and evaluate the effect of gender policies or strategies. Objectives: This study was designed to investigate the distribution and correlates of working burnout and perceived health status by both genders' care providers. Methods: We used a structured questionnaire as the study tool. Working burnout status was using from the Chinese version of "Copenhagen Burnout Inventory and Effort-Reward Imbalance Questionnaire". Perceived health status was using from the "Short Form-36 scale" to explore the physical and mental health of staff. Care providers in nursing homes with or below 99 beds in Taiwan were the targets of this study. The total number of mail questionnaire was 680, and 494 completed the survey (completion rate of 73%). Results: We used multiple regression analyses by controlling for demographic, facilities, and burnout variables. In the "Physical Component" of male, the score of care providers with higher personal burnout is significantly lower. In the "Mental Component", the score of care providers with higher work-related burnout is significantly lower. In the "Physical Component" of female, the score of the staff aged over 50 significantly is lower than that of aged lower 30, the scores of the care providers in south area is significantly higher than those of in Taipei, and the score of care providers with higher personal burnout is significantly lower. In the "Mental Component", the score of care providers with higher personal burnout and work-related burnout is significantly lower. Conclusion: This study identified the correlation between care providers' working burnout and perceived health status by the gender and can be used as reference for health and education strategies in order to create the gender equity in workplace and fulfill their professional role appropriately.
Taiwan Journal of Gerontological Health Research, 7(2):157-176.