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    ASIA unversity > 管理學院 > 經營管理學系  > 期刊論文 >  Item 310904400/18296


    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://asiair.asia.edu.tw/ir/handle/310904400/18296


    Title: In-Depth Investigation of Escalator Riding Incidents in Heavy Capacity Mrt Station
    Authors: 張庭彰;Chang, Tin-Chang
    Contributors: 經營管理學系
    Keywords: Escalator riding accident;Scenario analysis;In-depth accident analysis;Hazard pattern
    Date: 2006
    Issue Date: 2012-11-26 12:46:49 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: In 2000, the accident rate for escalator riding was about 0.815 accidents per million passenger trips through Taipei Metro Rapid Transit (MRT) heavy capacity stations. In order to reduce the probability and severity of escalator riding accidents and enhance the safety of passengers, the Drury and Brill model [Drury, C.G., Brill, M., 1983. Human factors in consumer product accident investigation. Hum. Factors 25 (3), 329–342] for in-depth investigation was adopted to analyze the 194 escalator riding accidents in terms of victim, task, product and environment. Prevention measures have been developed based on the major causes of accidents and other related contributing factors. The results from the analysis indicated that the majority of the escalator riding accidents was caused by passengers’ carrying out other tasks (38 cases, including carrying luggage 24 cases, looking after accompany persons 9 cases, and 5 others), loss of balance (26 cases, 13.4%), not holding the handrail (20 cases, 10.3%), unhealthy passengers (18 cases, 9.3%), followed by people struck by other passenger (16 cases, 8.2%). For female passengers aged 15–64 years, their rushing for trains accidents could have been prevented by wearing safer footwear or by appropriate signing being provided indicating the location and traveling direction of escalators. Female passengers aged 65 years and above whose accidents were caused by loss of balance, should be encouraged to take the elevator instead. To prevent entrapment injuries, following a stricter design code can be most effective. Further in-depth accident investigation is suggested to cover the activity of the victim prior to the accident, any involved product, the location of the accident on the escalator, any medical treatment, what went wrong, opinion of the respondent on the causes of the accident, and personal characteristics of the passengers. Also, management must trade off productivity and safety appropriately to prevent “Organizational Accidents”.
    Relation: ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION,38(4),662–670.
    Appears in Collections:[經營管理學系 ] 期刊論文

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