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    Title: Gender Differences in Health-related Quality of life among the elderly in Taiwan
    Authors: Hui-Chuan, Hsu
    Contributors: Department of Health Administration, Asia University
    Keywords: health inequality;elderly healthhealth-related quality of life;gender difference
    Date: 2007-01
    Issue Date: 2009-10-13 14:58:14 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: Asia University
    Abstract: Purpose: This study examines the gender disparity in the elderly’s health-related quality of life in
    Taiwan. Method: Data came from the National Health Interview Survey, a series of
    nation-representative face-to-face interviews held in Taiwan in 2001. The samples were chosen from
    those aged 65 or over, including populations drawn from the Taiwan area (with a number n=1845),
    remote mountain areas (n=169), and offshore islands (n=179). Health-related quality of life (HQOL)
    was measured by SF-36, including the dimensions of physical functioning, role limitation due to
    physical problems, bodily pain, general health, vitality, social functioning, role limitation due to
    emotional problems, and mental health. Two-stage linear regression models were used for analysis.
    Results: Elderly women showed lower HQOL in almost every dimension in the Taiwan area and
    offshore islands. After controlling for age, education, marital status, activities of daily living, and
    numbers of chronic diseases, women elderly showed a lower score in HQOL than men, and the
    difference was the most prominent in bodily pain which had a 23.6% lower score. The elderly in
    offshore islands and mountain areas had a lower HQOL than that in the Taiwan area. Other effects were
    greater than gender for the elderly in remote mountain areas. Discussion: Gender difference appeared
    across different dimensions of health-related quality of life. More effort to improve equal gender
    opportunities for health-related quality of life is necessary.
    Relation: Asian Journal of Health and Information Sciences 1(4):366-376
    Appears in Collections:[Asian Journal of Health and Information Sciences] v.1 n.4

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