In this research, we create a PET/TPU/PU composite base fabric from a PET nonwoven base fabric, a TPU honeycomb grid, and a PU foam plank. First, the PET base fabric is made from 7D three-dimensional-hollow-crimp fiber (7D PET) and low-melting-point (low-Tm) fibers with weight ratio and number of lamination layers as the parameters. The hardness and rebound resilience rate of the PET nonwoven base fabric are 71% and 63.5%, respectively. The PET nonwoven base fabric’s optimum air permeability is 240 cm3/s/cm2. The maximum tensile strength of the PET nonwoven base fabric with 9 layers of lamination is 39.8 kg/cm2, and when the weight ratio is either 4:6 or 3:7, changes to 40 kg/cm2. The PET/TPU/PU composite base fabric has a LOI of 33 when the number of lamination layers is 10, or when the low-Tm fiber content is 50%; the composite base fabric’s average optimum thermal conductivity is 0.914 W/mK.
Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics,8(1):114-125.