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    题名: Need-based intervention is an effective strategy for improving the nutritional status of older people living in a nursing home: a randomized controlled trial
    作者: 李麗琴;蔡仲弘;Alan, C.Tsai;王俊毅;Wang, Jiun-Yi;洪百勛;徐慧娟;Hsu, Hui-Chuan;蔡欣真
    贡献者: 健康產業管理學系
    关键词: Elderly;Nursing home;Nutritional intervention;Nutritional screening;Nutritional status
    日期: 2013
    上传时间: 2013-07-11 14:24:49 (UTC+8)
    摘要: Background
    Nutrition is a key element in geriatric health. Protein-energy malnutrition is common in institutionalized persons.

    Objective
    This study examined the effectiveness of a need-based “routine screening and timely intervention” strategy in improving the nutritional status of persons living in nursing homes.

    Design
    A 24-week randomized, double-blind, controlled trial.

    Setting
    A privately managed geriatric nursing home in Taiwan.

    Participants
    Ninety-two ≥65-year old persons who were ≤25 kg/m2, >1 month residence, able to self-feed or receive oral feeding, without acute infection and non-bed-ridden.

    Methods
    Prospective participants were stratified by gender and then randomly assigned to either the control group (n = 45) or the intervention group (n = 47). Each subject in the intervention group was given a 50 g/day soy-protein-based nutritional supplement if he/she was rated as undernourished according to the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA, score ≤24) and BMI ≤24 kg/m2. The supplement contained 9.5 g protein, 250 kcal energy and all essential micro-nutrients. The supplementation would be suspended once either one of the “at risk” condition was corrected. Nutritional rating with the MNA took place at baseline and every 4 weeks during the trial. Biochemical indicators were measured at baseline, mid-point (week-12) and end-point (week-24). Results were analyzed with the two-sample t-test, and the generalized estimating equations (GEE) controlled for demographic and health-related variables.

    Results
    Of the 92 subjects, 82 completed the trial; 7 withdrew and 3 died during the trial. Results showed that the need-based intervention was an effective and appropriate strategy for improving the nutritional status of persons at risk of undernourishment. The intervention significantly improved body weight, BMI, mid-arm circumference, calf circumference, and serum albumin and cholesterol concentrations at all intervals (all p < 0.05). However, the intervention did not significantly improve hematocrit, hemoglobin or lymphocyte count status.

    Conclusions
    Results suggest that the need-based nutritional intervention can be a practical and useful strategy for improving the nutritional status of persons living in nursing homes and save on healthcare cost. The potential application of this strategy deserves the attention of health planners.
    關聯: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NURSING STUDIES,50(12):1580–1588.
    显示于类别:[健康產業管理學系] 期刊論文

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