The main purpose of this study is to study the current phenomenon of the green sports for leisure, hopefully as a viable way of rural regeneration. The research project is for two years. The first year is primarily to clarify the concept of "green sports for leisure." From residents’ and consumers’ perspectives, the research project attempts to examine the resources and types of green sports in rural areas of Taiwan and investigate the barriers and benefits for participating in green sports. The results of analyses are hoped to develop a scale of community capital of green sports, describe the industry of green sports in rural community, and predict the development of the industry in terms of size and direction. The focus of the second year will be placed in creating sustainable development indicators of green sports in rural communities. By comparing the developments of green sports industry at rural communities in the United States and Japan with those in Taiwan, the current research hopes to establish operational guidelines for developing green sports industry at rural communities in Taiwan and to construct the sustainable development indicators. The research design will adopt multiple cases of communities within which the phenomena of green sports are observed in daily lives. With multiple data sources and multiple data collection methods, triangulation of data analyses can be used to cross-reference data and improve the data quality to meet the reliability and validity. The current research project will contribute to improve the health of residents and the economic situations of the community by developing green sports capital, therefore helping the rural regeneration. Meanwhile, with the development of green sports capital in rural communities, tourists from urban areas would have more places to participate in green sports. The sustainable development indicators will be used to monitor the business of tourist activities in order to minimize the negative impacts from the tourists.