The population of Taiwan in December 2007 is about 22.96 million and 2.34 million are more than 65, which is about 10.21%. The elder farmers are about 707,000, which is about 30.1% of the population more than 65. The caring and their leisure activities are attracting more attention. The population elder than 65 are 3,400 in Wai-pu township,Tai-chung county, the elder farmers are 2,000, which is about 59% of elder population in the Wai-pu township. In this study, the questionnaire was conducted to acquire the preference and limitation of recreation for elder farmers and it can be the guideline for planning of recreation activities in the future. The results show that the average working hours for farmers in Wai-pu are 4 to 8 hours per day. The daily recreation time is about 1 to 2 hours, such as watching TV and chatting with neighbors and those activities can be more than 70% of probability. There are less than 40% of farmers with foreign tourism experience. The activities which the farmers participate are both emotional elevating and social related. They mostly care about the accessibility and companion, and traffic, crowding, unsafety and lack of companion are limitation for recreation. For policy making, the upgrading of township infrastructure for recreation is critical. The limitation related to personal factors is also important, such as shine, fear and without travel experience. So the local farmer organization should organize more activities for farmers.