|Abstract: ||In respect of the social security, illicit drugs, gangsters, and guns are three major problems in Taiwan. Among them, illicit drugs seem to have the greatest impact. Drug dependence causes harm to individuals? physical and psychological health. In addition, it provides opportunities for some criminal activities as well as for the spreading of AIDS and hepatitis B&C. These problems caused by drug dependence have bad impact not only on addicts? family members but also on other people. The negative effects resulting from the drug addiction do great damage to social environment and national economy. Thus, the Theory of Planned Behavior, in this study, was used to investigate the intention of quitting illicit drugs and its related factors. We hope the results will help public healthy authorities and hospitals as well to provide effective treatment strategies and operation methods to drug addicts.|
The purposes of this study are to understand the intention of quitting illicit drugs and its related factors in drug addicts in central Taiwan. The instrument used to collect data is questionnaires. There were 750 questionnaires were given out, in which 671 were valid (89.47%). The questionnaires are composed of five main issues explored in the present study: behavior attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavior control, behavior intention, and demographic characters and social variance. Correlation analysis and regression analysis were conducted to analyze the data.
The cronbach?s ? value 0.8409 indicates the results are highly valid. There are three results revealed in this study. First, for a drug addict?s coming year, his/her intention of quitting illicit drugs is up to 82.86%. Second, the multiple regression analysis between planned behavior theory and abstinence intention presents that the total interpretation power is 40.8%. The three domains of the standardized regression values show that the perceived behavior control is 0.458, the behavior attitude is 0.235, and the subjective norm is 0.149. Third, the other two factors, besides the three domains mentioned, affect the abstinence intention are the demographic characteristics and the social variance. The demographic factors include sex, age, education, religions, income, types of drug, years of drug abuse, expenditure of drug use, the records of illicit drug use, and experience of abstinence. Although all of these factors as a whole do not show significant correlation, each of them does, both on the degree and direction dimensions.