|Abstract: ||Emergency Medical Technician is a job with real challenge. For responding every mobile duty during the standby moments, in addition to the abundant physical strength and the great courage as well as wisdom; rich knowledge and proficient skills in the first aid are the indispensable factors to the EMT.Because the EMT meets frequently the sick or injured persons approaching death, the official health authorities should know well the skills of the EMT and the factors influencing the EMT?s learning and achievements in the emergency medical training course. By focusing on the factors which carry lower achievements and find ways to improve them, the quality of the first aid and care will be enhanced.|
According to the database of the Emergency Medical Managing System set up by Department of Health, Executive Yuan, there are 27,024 elementary EMTs in the whole country up to the end of May, 2009.Most of them are the technicians of the civil ambulance companies and the ambulance drivers of the medical treatment organizations. Because the basic conditions of the technicians are different and the medical qualities are uneven, the self-awareness of the public is raising and it is expected eagerly to enhance the quality of the first aid and care to the sick and injured persons as confrontation. Except the fire control system, the domestic relative researches don?t concern much about the differences of the EMT?s learning from the emergency medical training course in the managing field of the medicine and policy.
The research combines the database of the Emergency Medical Managing System set up by Department of Health, Executive Yuan, and the domestic relative organizations to be responsible for the elementary EMTs. 622 technicians and the data of their grades are used in the analysis. In order to make the data of the samples to be provided with objectivity, the results of the technicians? tests in the training course were evaluated by the program standard indicated in the EMT Management Rules announced by Department of Health, Executive Yuan. The descriptive statistics, the inferential statistics & analysis, the independent sample identification, and the analysis of the singer factor?s variations are included in the research. The researching results show the followings: The first, the sex of the technician doesn?t have obvious influences on the paper tests and technical tests. The second, there?s no obvious difference on the results of the paper tests and the technical tests for the technicians trained in different organizations. The third, the ages of the technicians influence nothing to the grades of the training. The fourth, the educational background influences nothing to the grades of the training. The fifth, standardizing the regulation of the technical tests and the rules of the scoring will provide the technical tests with more objectivity. The sixth, the teaching hour of each module program should meet the requirements of the program standard indicated in the EMT Management Rules. Therefore, the contents of the course will be developed with balance. The seventh, the professional ethics should be covered into the training course for securing the patients? private matters and the quality of the first aid and care.