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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://asiair.asia.edu.tw/ir/handle/310904400/4632

    Title: Selective activation of ceruloplasmin promoter in ovarian tumors: potential use for gene therapy
    Authors: Lee, C. M.;Lo, H.-W.;Shao, R.;Wang, S.-C.;Xia, W.;Gershenson, D. M.;Mien-Chie Hung
    Date: 2004-03
    Issue Date: 2009-11-27 13:57:09 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: Asia University
    Abstract: Gene therapy provides a novel treatment approach to cancer patients. Ideally, expression of therapeutic genes driven by cancer-specific promoters would only target tumors resulting in minimal toxicity to normal tissues. While there is a need of more effective and tolerable treatments for ovarian cancer patients, we aimed to identify gene promoters with high activity in ovarian tumors that can be potentially used in gene therapy to drive the expression of a therapeutic gene in tumors. To identify such promoters, a literature search was performed to reveal genes that are preferentially expressed in ovarian cancer compared with normal ovarian tissue. We found that the ceruloplasmin promoter drove up to 30-fold higher luciferase expression in ovarian cancer cells compared with immortalized normal cells. Furthermore, deletion studies revealed an activator protein-1 (AP-1) site in the ceruloplasmin promoter to be critical for optimal ceruloplasmin promoter activity. Ceruloplasmin promoter activity was significantly activated by 1-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate, a c-jun activator, and conversely suppressed by SP600125, a c-jun inhibitor. Consistently, the ceruloplasmin AP-1 site was specifically recognized by c-jun both in vitro and in vivo. Immunohistochemical analyses of human ovarian cancer specimens showed a direct correlation (r = 0.7, P = 0.007) between expression levels of c-jun and ceruloplasmin. In nude mice carrying SKOV3.ip1 xenografts, the ceruloplasmin promoter demonstrated significantly higher activities in tumors compared with normal organs. Together, these results suggest that the ceruloplasmin promoter activity is significantly enhanced in ovarian cancer and therefore may be exploited as a promising cancer-specific promoter in developing new gene therapy strategies for ovarian cancer.
    Relation: CANCER RESEARCH 64:1788-1793
    Appears in Collections:[生物科技學系] 期刊論文

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