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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://asiair.asia.edu.tw/ir/handle/310904400/4936


    Title: 關於日本幼稚園教師使用幼兒數量經驗的語言與行動之教室現場分析
    Authors: 沈妙玲;長谷川敦子
    Contributors: 亞洲大學;日本新瀉縣幼稚園園長
    Keywords: 數詞;數字;數量經驗語言;numerals;numbers;informal mathematical language
    Date: 2007-11-21
    Issue Date: 2009-12-08 13:25:36 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 亞洲大學幼兒教育學系
    Abstract: 本研究之三個目的: 一、分析在日本幼稚園一天活動中,吃點心和其他保育現場兩種時段裡, 幼教師使用幼兒數量的經驗語言其差異性。二、隨著幼兒的兩年齡層(4,5歲)的改變,瞭解現場教師的幼兒數量的經驗語言的使用差異性。三、分析教室內教師是否有意識或是無意識營造或是使用引起對數字、數量關心的物品/環境。研究方法以攝影以及觀察的方式紀錄老師的發話詞。再根據日本文部省(教育部)委託東京家政大學幼兒教育方法研究會的「教育方法改善調查研究報告」中的數與量範疇為大綱, 資料整理後再進行細節分類。範疇如下: 集合(唱數,對應、順序、次數、個數);數字;多少比較;演算;量(長度、面積、體積、重量、形態、空間、時間、速度)。分析結果顯示並沒有印證中澤(1981)研究中吃點心時間時,老師的幼兒數量經驗語言比較多,發現以吃點心以外的活動教師使用較多。另外, 4歲班的教師無意識性在與幼兒觀察自然時, 利用視覺感官, 使用「長」的幼兒量發語詞頻率最高為40%。5歲班的教師在集合內容中「唱數」占50%,唱數的數詞內容是50以上的數。教室內的固定環境出現件數比較結果是: 4歲班級最多是移動遊具積木(50件),慶生日圖表(32件),牙刷號碼(32件),植物觀察紀錄表(8件) 等其他9項。5歲班級最多是最多是慶生日圖表(32件),個人出席簿(32件),附有購入日期的玩具箱(2件),有整理編號的箱子(2件)等其他7項。 We examined the differences between lunch time and other time in two teachers’ informal mathematical language. Participants were 2 teachers (4-year-old Junior class and 5-year-old Senior class) at one Japanese preschool. The second purpose of study is to find out the differences of content of informal mathematical language in two different age groups. The last purpose is to examine the mathematical settings in the classrooms in accordance with two different classes. The main results the following: (1) The teacher’s informal mathematical language during other time is richer than during lunch time. Thus, this result did not support the findings from Nakazawa (1981). (2) Frequency of teacher’s mathematical language in the 4-year-old classroom is more than “length”. But Frequency of teacher’s mathematical language in the 5-year-old classroom is more in “order”. (3) The quantities showing the relative mathematical items in the forth and the fifth classroom are attendance books, teeth marked number and the children’s birthday numbers.
    Relation: 第四屆健康的幼兒教育學術研討會 139-171
    Appears in Collections:[幼兒教育學系 ] 會議論文

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