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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://asiair.asia.edu.tw/ir/handle/310904400/64366

    Title: Trichodermin induces cell apoptosis through mitochondrial dysfunction and endoplasmic reticulum stress in human chondrosarcoma cells
    Authors: Su, Chen-Ming;Su, Chen-Ming;Wan, Shih-Wei;Wang, Shih-Wei;Tzong-Huei, L;Lee, Tzong-Huei;Tzen, Wen-Pei;Tzeng, Wen-Pei;Hsia, Che-Jen;Hsiao, Che-Jen;Li, Shih-Chia;Liu, Shih-Chia;湯智昕;Chih-Hsin, Tang
    Contributors: 生物科技學系
    Date: 201310
    Issue Date: 2013-11-01 09:58:37 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: Chondrosarcoma is the second most common primary bone tumor, and it responds poorly to both chemotherapy and radiation treatment. Nalanthamala psidii was described originally as Myxosporium in 1926. This is the first study to investigate the anti-tumor activity of trichodermin (trichothec-9-en-4-ol, 12,13-epoxy-, acetate), an endophytic fungal metabolite from N. psidii against human chondrosarcoma cells. We demonstrated that trichodermin induced cell apoptosis in human chondrosarcoma cell lines (JJ012 and SW1353 cells) instead of primary chondrocytes. In addition, trichodermin triggered endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress protein levels of IRE1, p-PERK, GRP78, and GRP94, which were characterized by changes in cytosolic calcium levels. Furthermore, trichodermin induced the upregulation of Bax and Bid, the downregulation of Bcl-2, and the dysfunction of mitochondria, which released cytochrome c and activated caspase-3 in human chondrosarcoma. In addition, animal experiments illustrated reduced tumor volume, which led to an increased number of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL)-positive cells and an increased level of cleaved PARP protein following trichodermin treatment. Together, this study demonstrates that trichodermin is a novel anti-tumor agent against human chondrosarcoma cells both in vitro and in vivo via mitochondrial dysfunction and ER stress.
    Appears in Collections:[生物科技學系] 期刊論文

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