We present prenatal diagnosis and molecular cytogenetic characterization of de novo mosaic r(13). A 32-year-old woman underwent amniocentesis at 18 weeks of gestation because of maternal anxiety. Amniocentesis revealed a karyotype of 46,XY,r(13)/45,XY,-13. aCGH on uncultured amniocytes at repeated amniocentesis detected a 4.22-Mb deletion at 13q34. Interphase FISH on 100 uncultured amniocytes showed the ratio of r(13):-13:idic r(13) as 85%:13%:2%. The cord blood had a karyotype of 46,XY,r(13)/46,XY,idic r(13)/45,XY,-13. The placenta had a karyotype of 46,XY,mar(13)/45,XY,-13. Metaphase FISH confirmed that the marker chromosomes in placenta were derived from chromosome 13. aCGH on cultured placental cells detected a 77.81-Mb deletion at 13q13.3-q34. The fetus postnatally manifested facial dysmorphism. Prenatal diagnosis of r(13) should alert mosaicism for deletion/duplication of r(13) and distal 13q deletion. Fetoplacental chromosomal discrepancy of r(13) may exist in case of mosaic r(13) detected by amniocentesis.