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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://asiair.asia.edu.tw/ir/handle/310904400/79738


    Title: Psychological distress in an incarcerated juvenile population
    Authors: 呂淑妤;Lyu, Shu-Yu;紀櫻珍;Chi, Ying-Chen;Farabe, David;Farabee, David;蔡良庭;Tsai, Liang-Ting;李明濱;Lee, Ming-Been;羅鳳恩;Lo, Feng-En;Donald, E.Mo;Donald, E.Morisky
    Contributors: 休閒與遊憩管理學系
    Keywords: incarcerated population;juvenile;psychological distress
    Date: 2014-12
    Issue Date: 2014-06-05 12:01:14 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: BACKGROUND/PURPOSE:
    This study sought to examine the prevalence and correlates of psychological distress among incarcerated youth in Taiwan using the 5-item Brief Symptom Rating Scale (BSRS-5).
    METHODS:
    This cross-sectional census survey study was conducted in 2007 among all the juveniles incarcerated in 23 correctional institutions (n = 1505) in Taiwan using a self-administered anonymous questionnaire. Of the total 1505 participants, 1363 completed the questionnaire (91% response rate). We excluded 494 participants as they were aged either over 17 years or under 12 years. Psychological distress was measured among the final 869 participants using the BSRS-5. Psychological distress was defined as a total score of at least 6 out of 20. Those identified as having psychological distress were then pooled into a case group and compared with control participants without psychological distress.
    RESULTS:
    The prevalence of psychological distress was 44.1%. Among the case group, sleep disturbance (36.8%) had the highest prevalence of severe or very severe symptoms, followed by depression (34.7%), and hostility (27.9%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that correlates of psychological distress included the following: being female; having a poor self-rated health status; having joined a gang; having experienced life disturbances prior to the current imprisonment; and having ever had a smoking habit.
    CONCLUSION:
    Significant gender differences were found for both the overall BSRS-5, as well as for each individual item of the BSRS-5. Treatment programs and interventions should be carefully tailored to address the mental health needs of juvenile inmates in a gender-specific manner using a multifaceted approach.
    Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Relation: Journal of Formosan Medical Association; S0929-6646(14)00105-3.
    Appears in Collections:[休閒與遊憩管理學系] 期刊論文

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