Voltage flicker is one of many serious power quality disturbances, which would deteriorate the stability and operation efficiency of a power system. Effective evaluation of flicker severity plays an important role in the monitoring and control of developing advanced metering infrastructure. Since the evaluation process for voltage flicker is complicated, some inaccurate intermediate results may give rise to the propagation of estimation errors. Therefore, an accurate solution procedure for the calculation of voltage flicker components is proposed in this paper. With the extraction technique for envelope signal and high-frequency resolution mechanism for flicker spectral analysis, the superior performance to achieve the instantaneous flicker severity evaluation can be obtained.