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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://asiair.asia.edu.tw/ir/handle/310904400/80566


    Title: The Role of Outcome Expectancy of Self-Harm for Affect Regulation in the Relationship between Depression and Self-Harm Frequencies among Junior High School Students
    Authors: JIANG, I-JYE
    Contributors: 亞洲大學心理學系
    Keywords: self-harm behavior;depression;emotion regulation;the outcome expectancy of self-harm;junior high school students
    Date: 2014-08-04
    Issue Date: 2014-08-28 13:20:46 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: ASIA
    Abstract: 【Background】
    Recently, the prevalence of adolescent self-harm is gradually rising. Self-harm causes physical, psychological, and social damages. DSM-V also indicates that self-harm behavior is a highlight issue now. Therefore, it’s important to do more research about self-harm. Early studies, we knew that depression and self-harm are significant related, and depression is a risk factor of self-harm. However, there may have some related factors between depression and self-harm. According to Social Learning Theory, forming behavior is influenced by the outcome expectancy of behavior, so it can presume that the outcome expectancy of self-harm is related to self-harm. Besides, the most commonly self-harm function is affect regulation, after people get this function, the frequency of self-harm raise and form the outcome expectancy of self-harm for affect regulation. So the relationship between self-harm and the outcome expectancy of self-harm for affect regulation is worthy to be studied. In addition, previous studies were also made perhaps depressor is expected that self-harm can get affect regulation, so maybe depression is related to the outcome expectancy of self-harm for affect regulation. The aims of this study, we want to find the relationship between depression, the outcome expectancy of self-harm for affect regulation and self-harm frequencies.

    【Method】
    The cross-sectional design was taken. Data according to Ko’s National Sci-Tech program, “Application virtual reality games and interactive context of digital platforms in the narrative story of young people conflict management and emotional management skills training effect: self-injury and prevention of bullying behavior”. There were 1701 junior high school students(825 boys, 876 girls)recruited from three junior high schools in Taichung and Tainan city. All participate completed the Self-Harm Behavior Questionnaire, Ko’s Depression Inventory and Self-Injurious Behavior Outcome Expectancy Questionnaie. We examined the relationship among the variables through the SPSS(18.0)software.

    【Result】
    Our finding indicated that among junior high school students, depression, the outcome expectancy of self-harm for affect regulation and self-harm frequencies are significant positive related. And the outcome expectancy of self-harm for affect regulation moderates the relationship between depression and self-harm frequencies.

    【Conclusion】
    The outcome expectancy of self-harm for affect regulation moderates the relationship between depression and self-harm frequencies among junior high school students. Our finding explains clearly about the mental process of depression and repeated self-harm behavior among junior high school students. In the future, for reducing the outcome expectancy of self-harm for affect regulation, it’s important to teach some emotion regulation coping skills and cognitive behavior strategies to adolescents.
    Appears in Collections:[心理學系] 博碩士論文

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