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    题名: Suppression of Dicer Increases Sensitivity to Gefitinib in Human Lung Cancer Cells
    作者: Jui-Chieh Chen;Yen-Hao Su;Yang-Hao Yu;Yi-Wen Chang;Ching-Feng Chiu;Chi-Feng Tseng;Hsin-An Chen;Jen-Liang Su
    贡献者: 生物科技學系
    日期: 2014-04
    上传时间: 2014-10-01 16:32:40 (UTC+8)
    摘要: Background
    Accumulating evidence is revealing an important role of microRNA (miRNA) in tumor progression and chemotherapeutic resistance. Dicer is a cytoplasmic endoribonuclease type III crucial for production of mature miRNAs. The aberrant expression of Dicer has also been reportedly associated with clinical aggressiveness, prognosis, and patient survival in various cancer types. However, the molecular mechanisms of Dicer in acquired gefitinib resistance are still not clear.
    In this study, we analyzed the protein level of Dicer between gefitinib-sensitive (PC9) and gefitinib-resistant (PC9/GR) non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines by Western blot analysis. Silence and overexpression of the Dicer were performed to investigate the effects on gefitinib sensitivity, as assessed by (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5 diphenyl tetrazolium bromide) assay and sub-G1 assay of flow cytometry. To further explore the mechanism of chemoresistance, we examined whether Dicer knockdown led to modulating specific miRNAs and its miRNA target genes.
    Dicer expression was significantly increased in PC9/GR compared with PC9 cells. Knockdown of Dicer restores gefitinib sensitivity in resistant cells, and overexpression of Dicer enhances resistance to gefitinib in sensitive cells. Silencing of Dicer induces sensitivity to gefitinib in NSCLC cells through the downregulation of miR-30b/c and miR-221/222 to increase the protein level of caspase-3, resulting in an increase in gefitinib-induced apoptosis.
    Dicer contributes to the resistance to gefitinib in lung cancer. These results indicate that Dicer may be a target for diagnosis and therapy of patients with resistance to gefitinib.
    關聯: ANNALS OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY,21(4),555-563.
    显示于类别:[生物科技學系] 期刊論文


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