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|Title: ||α-Phellandrene alters expression of genes associated with DNA damage, cell cycle, and apoptosis in murine leukemia WEHI-3 cells.|
|Authors: ||LIN, JEN-JYH;LIN, JEN-JYH;CHIEN-CHIH, Y;CHIEN-CHIH, YU;KUNG-WEN, LU;KUNG-WEN, LU;CHAN, SHU-JEN;CHANG, SHU-JEN;FU-SHUN, YU;FU-SHUN, YU;CHING-LUNG, L;LIAO, CHING-LUNG;JAUNG-GENG, L;LIN, JAUNG-GENG;鍾景光*|
|Keywords: ||DNA damage;WEHI-3 leukemia cells;apoptosis;cDNA microarray;cell cycle;α-Phellandrene|
|Issue Date: ||2014-11-07 14:55:06 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract: ||α-phellandrene (α-PA) is a cyclic monoterpene, present in natural plants such as Schinus molle L. α-PA promotes immune responses in mice in vivo. However, there is no available information on whether α-PA affects gene expression in leukemia cells. The present study determined effects of α-PA on expression levels of genes associated with DNA damage, cell cycle and apoptotic cell death in mouse leukemia WEHI-3 cells. WEHI-3 cells were treated with 10 μM α-PA for 24 h, cells were harvested and total RNA was extracted, and gene expression was analyzed by cDNA microarray. Results indicated that α-PA up-regulated 10 genes 4-fold, 13 by over 3-fold and 175 by over 2-fold; 21 genes were down-regulated by over 4-fold, 26 genes by over 3-fold and expression of 204 genes was altered by at leas 2-fold compared with the untreated control cells. DNA damage-associated genes such as DNA damage-inducer transcript 4 and DNA fragmentation factor were up-regulated by 4-fold and over 2-fold, respectively; cell-cycle check point genes such as cyclin G2 and cyclin-dependent kinases inhibitor 2D and IA (p21) were up-regulated by over 3-fold and over 2-fold, respectively; apoptosis-associated genes such as BCL2/adenovirus EIB interacting protein 3, XIAP-associated factor 1, BCL2 modifying factor, caspase-8 and FADD-like apoptosis regulator were over 2-fold up-regulated. Furthermore, DNA damage-associated gene TATA box binding protein was over 4-fold down-regulated, and D19Ertd652c (DNA segment) over 2-fold down-regulated; cell cycle-associated gene cyclin E2 was over 2-fold down-regulated; apoptosis associated gene growth arrest-specific 5 was over 9-fold down-regulated, Gm5426 (ATP synthase) was over 3-fold down-regulated, and death box polypeptide 33 was over 2-fold down-regulated. Based on these observations, α-PA altered gene expression in WEHI-3 cells in vitro.
Copyright© 2014 International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. John G. Delinassios), All rights reserved.
|Relation: ||ANTICANCER RESEARCH;34(8):4161-80.|
|Appears in Collections:||[生物科技學系] 期刊論文|
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