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    Title: The effectiveness of spaced retrieval combined with Montessori-based activities in improving the eating ability of residents with dementia
    Authors: 吳樺姍;Wu, Hua-Shan;林麗嬋;Lin, LC;*;吳肖琪;Wu, SC;林克能;Lin, KN;劉秀枝;Liu, HC
    Contributors: 護理學系
    Keywords: Montessori-based activities;dementia;eating difficulty;nursing;quasi-experimental design;repeated measures;spaced retrieval
    Date: 2014-01
    Issue Date: 2014-12-30 11:44:08 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: AIMS:
    To explore the long-term effects of standardized and individualized spaced retrieval combined with Montessori-based activities on the eating ability of residents with dementia.
    Eating difficulty is common in residents with dementia, resulting in low food intake, followed by eating dependence, weight loss and malnutrition.
    A single-blinded and quasi-experimental design with repeated measures.
    Ninety residents with dementia from four veterans' homes in Taiwan took part in this study. The intervention consisted of spaced retrieval combined with Montessori-based activities. Twenty-five participants in the standardized group received 24 intervention sessions over 8 weeks. Thirty-eight participants in the individualized group received tailored intervention sessions. The number of intervention sessions was adjusted according to the participant's recall responses in spaced retrieval. Twenty-seven participants in the control group received no treatment. The Chinese version of the Edinburgh Feeding Evaluation in Dementia was used, and eating amounts and body weight were measured pre-test, posttest and at 1-, 3- and 6-month follow-ups. Data were collected between July 2008-February 2010. Repeated measures of all dependent variables for the three groups were analysed by the linear mixed model.
    The standardized and individualized interventions could significantly decrease the scores for the Chinese version of the Edinburgh Feeding Evaluation in Dementia and increase the eating amount and body weight over time.
    Trained nurses in institutions can schedule the standardized or individualized intervention in usual activity time to ameliorate eating difficulty and its sequels.
    © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
    Relation: JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING;70(8):1891-901.
    Appears in Collections:[Department of Nursing] Journal Article

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