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    ASIA unversity > 護理學院 > 護理學系 > 期刊論文 >  Item 310904400/87269


    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://asiair.asia.edu.tw/ir/handle/310904400/87269


    Title: Comparing cognition, mealtime performance, and nutritional status in people with dementia with or without ideational apraxia
    Authors: 吳樺姍;Wu, Hua-Shan;林麗嬋;Lin, LC;*
    Contributors: 護理學系
    Keywords: cognition;dementia;ideational apraxia;mealtime performance;nutritional status
    Date: 2014-06
    Issue Date: 2014-12-30 11:44:33 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: OBJECTIVE:
    To describe the prevalence rate of ideational apraxia (IA) affecting self-feeding in people with dementia, confirm the stage of dementia at which IA most commonly occurs, and compare mealtime performance and nutritional status between people with dementia (PWD) with and without IA.
    METHOD:
    A cross-sectional design with between-subject comparison was used. Among the 395 potential participants recruited from dementia special care units at nine long-term care facilities in central and northern Taiwan, 98 met the operational definition of IA and were included in the PWD with IA group. From the remaining pool, 98 participants, matched for age and sex with the PWD with IA group, were randomly allocated to the PWD without IA group. Eating Behavior Scale (EBS) scores, food intake, total eating time, meal assistance, body mass index, Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA), and Mini-Mental State Examination scores were collected.
    RESULTS:
    The prevalence rate of IA affecting self-feeding in our study population of PWD was 24.8%. PWD with IA had significantly lower EBS scores, had more food intake (p < .001), spent more time being fed by caregivers, needed more verbal and feeding assistance, and had lower MNA scores than PWD without IA. Decline in the self-feeding ability of PWD affected by IA most commonly occurred in the severe stage of dementia.
    CONCLUSION:
    When dementia progresses to the late stage, staff should pay special attention to residents' mealtime performance and nutritional status. For PWD with IA, reassigning staff at mealtimes based on eating ability and providing memory training are recommended.
    © The Author(s) 2014.
    Relation: Biological Research for Nursing;10.1177:1099800414536773
    Appears in Collections:[護理學系] 期刊論文

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