|Abstract: ||The purposes of this research were (1) to study the status of junior high school students’ knowledge, attitude, behavior, and self-efficacy on prevention of infectious diseases; and (2) to discuss the differences in effect of the objects’ knowledge on prevention of infectious diseases, attitudes, behavior, and self-efficacy with network integrated in teaching prevention of infectious diseases and personal hygiene education.
The objects of the study were first-year junior high school students in New Taipei City. Quasi experimental design research methods were applied, and the objects were divided into two experimental groups (Group A and Group B) and one control group (Group C), containing eighty-three people in total. Group A took a course in which prevention of infectious diseases was taught through the animations available on the website ; Group B took a course on the same topic with the traditional approach; Group C did not take any course of this sort. Before the experimental course began and after the objects took the course, self-designed questionnaires were distributed to the objects. The data collected through the questionnaires were later analyzed by the one-way ANCOVA testing in SPSS 22.0.
The study results were as follows: (1) The average rate of choosing the correct answer for questions of the questionnaires on the junior high school students’ awareness of infectious disease was 58.9%, and the average rates of attitudes, behavior and self-efficacy were 3.96, 3.45, and 3.93 respectively. All the results presented that the three groups had no significant differences in the pretest; (2) After taking the course, Groups A, B, and C showed significant differences on their objects’ knowledge, behavior and self-efficacy in the posttest, and the paired comparison revealed significant differences between all groups (A>B, A>C) while the differences of the objects’ scoring on attitude were also significant (A>B>C).
The result of the study showed that junior high school students’ knowledge of prevention of infectious diseases could be further improved. The Effect of Network Integrated Health Education showed positive changes on junior high school students’ knowledge on prevention of infectious diseases, attitudes, behavior, and self-efficacy. Taking advantage of the Internet in teaching the prevention of infectious disease was suggested.